Skilled racer John Paul Jr. died Tuesday at 60, after an extended battle with Huntington’s illness. This profile of his life and his advanced relationship along with his father, John Paul Sr., initially appeared within the November 1997 difficulty of Automotive and Driver.

The Redemption of John Paul Jr.

It is summer season in South Florida, the wet season. Every afternoon, thunderheads bubble up, the skies flip black, and rain comes down in torrents. Sheets of lightning crisscross the sky, thunder shakes the earth. It is the wet season once more in John Paul Jr.’ s life, too. The storms of life unleash their fury on his world with all-too-frequent regularity.

As this newest afternoon deluge rumbles by his West Palm Seashore neighborhood, Paul sits quietly in a wheelchair in his lounge, his intense darkish eyes gazing out a window.

“I sit right here questioning how I will make the following mortgage cost,” he says, hunching ahead within the chair. His complete physique appears to shudder. “If you base a giant a part of your earnings on operating on the [Indianapolis] Speedway yearly, after which you do not make it . . . ” His voice trails off.

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Paul feels he may have—ought to have—been profitable Indy, and possibly even Le Mans, to go along with his string of 4 main sports-car wins that culminated along with his victory final February on the 24 Hours of Daytona. His abilities as a driver have been once more a lot in demand. His Indianapolis 500 experience with PDM Racing was most likely his finest ever. One other supply got here to co-drive at Le Mans in one of many fast new Panoz GTls. Sponsors have been warming up. It was all coming collectively.

”This was presupposed to be the 12 months,” says Paul, now 37, in a low voice. ”The rattling wine’s 10 years previous. I am able to drink it.”

However two weeks earlier than the final Indy 500, every part modified. Paul had pushed his No. 18 Klipsch Tnemec Dallara out of the Brickyard pits to check a brand new tire-pressure setting. He awakened hours later in a hospital with a shattered left foot, a splintered proper leg, a gashed chin, and an enormous black eye.

The very first thing he considered?

”The mortgage,” he says, sighing.

Medical doctors ordered him to remain off his toes for 3 months, however a month later, in fact, he was attempting to race, carrying carbon-­fiber casts. His bodily restoration was to have been accomplished by fall. It might be for much longer earlier than his fragile psyche mends as soon as once more. John Paul Jr.’s life is paying homage to the previous Merle Haggard ballad “I am At all times on a Mountain Once I Fall.”

Paul was the golden boy throughout the golden age of IMSA sports-­automobile racing. He was nearly unbeatable from mid-1980 to 1982, profitable 13 GT races and a championship, in opposition to all-time greats like Peter Gregg, Hurley Haywood, Al Holbert, and Brian Redman. He received the primary IMSA race be ever drove in, was till lately the youngest driver to win an IndyCar pole (at 24), and received his first IndyCar 500-miler—the 1983 Michigan 500. In that race, driving with a leg damaged months earlier throughout Indy observe, Paul someway managed to take his year-old Penske chassis to a dramatic last-lap move of Rick Mears—Penske’s finest driver, in Penske’s finest new automobile, at Penske’s personal observe—to win. The racing world was wowed. Paul proved he may win in any type of racing.

However two years later, in 1985, be was charged with 5 felonies in connection along with his notorious father’s marijuana-smuggling operation. John Paul Jr. confronted the music and went to jail for 3 years. His racing profession appeared ruined.

Right this moment, nearly 10 years after his launch, John Jr. says: ”Three years away mellowed me quite a bit. It modified me 100%. It may’t assist however try this. Should you’re an asshole [in prison], they hold beating on you till you are not. There have been some good folks in there—different inmates—who helped me quite a bit. In jail, I believe I discovered be a person, so far as residing as much as the issues I’ve performed mistaken. Proudly owning as much as them. Stepping as much as it.”

Since his launch, John Paul Jr. has been attempting to show he is deserving of a second likelihood in life, and in racing. That first 12 months out, 1988, Phil Conte, his loyal buddy and proprietor of his 1985 IMSA experience, provided Paul a aggressive Indy automobile with full sponsorship. However some folks would neither forgive nor neglect. CART let it’s identified that Paul was not welcome and talked of instituting a “morality clause” in its drivers’ licensing necessities. The sponsor and that second likelihood went

Ultimately, although, underfunded groups could not resist a driving expertise who was hiring out at lower charges. For 1989’s Indy 500, Tony George “did not even bat an eye fixed once I confirmed up with a experience,” remembers Paul. He was driving a marginal automobile, and he didn’t make the present. However he will likely be eternally grateful to George for giving him a second likelihood when others would not. Paul’s being allowed to race at Indy helped break the ice with CART; he was allowed to race in three occasions later in 1989. Paul even resumed sports-car racing, becoming a member of Jim Busby’s stable BFGoodrich-backed Porsche 962 workforce.

”This was presupposed to be the 12 months. The rattling wine’s 10 years previous. I am able to drink it.”

Nonetheless, from 1990 by the ’92 season, the kingpin homeowners of CART declined to name, and Paul wound up in borderline gear owned by lesser groups. However he certified within the automobiles he was given and completed a exceptional tenth within the ’92 Indy 500 with a automobile about which he’d as soon as requested Michael Andretti, “Who’d even get in that factor?”

In 1991, Paul even drove in two Winston Cup stock-car races, with promising outcomes.

“I completed 14th at Watkins Glen, however I used to be solely 13 bumpers behind the winner,” he says with a smile. He cherished the closeness of the racing. He was changed, nonetheless, by a “extra skilled” driver.

Paul’s prospects U-turned, and he puzzled if it was actually solely a matter of “expertise,” or sponsor acceptance. He had no common rides in 1993 and ’94. By ’95, he was just about ignored at Indy. “I stood there the entire week earlier than qualifying—the primary time I might gone to Indy and not using a experience—and by no means received provided a factor,” he remembers, wincing on the reminiscence. “I figured it was the top of the road. Then [IMSA car owner] Rob Dyson known as and provided me a road-racing experience that paid prize cash plus a wage. I took it—I received out of Dodge.”

He received a giant break in 1996 with the creation of the Indy Racing League. Paul Diatlovich and Chuck Buckman fashioned a workforce after which cajoled John Menard into giving them a drained Buick V-6 from his present automobile. They employed Paul to race for prize cash. Battling engine reliability, Paul had a powerful season; he even led at Las Vegas and completed fifteenth within the factors standings.

“Everybody who was concerned in Indy­automobile racing once I was indicted, and for the time I used to be gone, they’ve lengthy reminiscences,” Paul says wearily. “They have not forgotten about it. Those who’ve been round eternally nonetheless have not put it behind them. And I can perceive that.”

The 1997 difficulty of Automotive and Driver.
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Automotive and Driver

However the state of affairs is enhancing, and the Richard Nixon scowl on his face offers option to his leading-man smile when he continues, “Fortunately, there are sufficient sponsors who’ve are available in new and who see me at face worth. For probably the most half, they have not been large firms. Nevertheless it has slowly been getting higher. I’ve to maintain in perspective that even drivers like Arie Luyendyk wrestle to seek out sponsors. It isn’t simply me.”

Right this moment, he does volunteer work with drug-abuse clinics. His derailed private life can be again on observe. He and his spouse, Patricia, had been separated for 2 years however are again collectively. “We beat the chances—90 % of all marriages fail whenever you go to jail. She met me after the smuggling had stopped. However she’s needed to endure every part that is occurred due to it. I really feel horrible about what she’s been put by.”

At dwelling once more with Patricia and their kids, Alexandra, 13, and Jonathan, 4, Paul feels a powerful want for household.

“My mom died in November,” he says, struggling to retain composure. “She was sick for a very long time, so I had time to return to phrases with it. Nevertheless it’s nonetheless onerous to cope with. I’ve quite a bit in my make-up that’s my mom, versus my dad. The straightforward-going facet. That is her stuff. She was at all times joyful about my racing profession. Though she could not go to races, she watched on TV. When she died, I believed she was up there, searching for me. I used to be beginning to win races once more.”

Then got here that unthinkable crash final Could 9 at Indy, on the eve of his first Mom’s Day alone. “I don’t know what occurred, and that bothers the hell out of me. I hit my head on the facet of the bathtub, and I can not bear in mind any of it.”

At six foot 4, he is particularly weak in any crash. “It isn’t that you simply assume you are invulnerable. You simply do not assume it is gonna be you who crashes. We had put 1100 miles of testing on the automobile. I had confidence. I used to be within the zone. “

Different groups have been in awe of how briskly Paul was operating. He lastly appeared to have regained the pace he says he misplaced whereas in jail. If he was that quick in observe, he’d be the one to beat within the race.

His fellow drivers have been relieved that Paul turned out to be an issue they did not should cope with. Their respect for him was proven after they later honored him with the inaugural Scott Brayton Award for his “competitiveness, need, and spirit.”

If Mom’s Day is an emotional stemwinder for him, Father’s Day is an equally combined bag. It was John Paul Sr. who was the catalyst for his son’s exceptional racing profession. It was additionally Paul Sr. who received his son into crime—and failed him miserably.

“I resent what my father did,” says Paul. “He is a really clever man and will have performed issues in a different way. However I do know he feels dangerous about it.”

Certainly, in 1988, the elder Paul wrote his trial choose: “The humiliation and the dangerous publicity I prompted my household . . . prompted me to be so depressed I regularly thought of suicide as the one reply to my issues . . . I’m really sorry, and I’m positive in my coronary heart I’ll by no means have something to do with medication sooner or later.”

Proper now, John Paul Sr. is in a federal jail in Jesup, Georgia. Beneath our distinctive judicial system, Paul Sr., with time without work for good conduct, will serve 14 years of a 25-year jail sentence for drug trafficking and passport and income-tax fraud. He’s scheduled to be launched someday after December 1998. He was truly eligible for parole 4 years in the past, however the federal authorities declined to let him go.

The 2 Pauls communicate usually to one another, though Senior could make solely gather cellphone calls. Getting collectively in individual is usually troublesome, since Senior is moved usually from jail to jail, a routine observe to maintain sure inmates from “establishing contacts” and probably collaborating with different prisoners who may need “related pursuits.”

His son doesn’t imagine that Paul Sr. would possibly return to racing after his launch. “I do know he will not be round racing anymore.”

How a lot the daddy will likely be round his son after his launch is much less clear. “John­John,” as his father nonetheless calls him, remains to be checking out his combined emotions on that topic.

“My dad was the toughest man to dwell with,” Paul explains in measured tones. “It was very onerous for him to know that somebody wasn’t as sensible as he. He’d need issues performed in a sure method, and he anticipated them to be performed that method. He could not perceive if folks did not see that is the way it needs to be performed. And quite a lot of occasions, it did not matter how you’ll have performed it. It could have been mistaken.” He sighs, then provides, “I attempt to not be that method with my very own son.” John Jr. criticizes himself for “yelling at” his spouse too usually, and for shedding his mood, “often about little issues.” He is aware of the place this conduct comes from.

His father, John L. Paul, emigrated along with his dad and mom—his father was a medical radiologist—from Holland to Muncie, Indiana, within the mid-Nineteen Fifties. Simply 15, John Paul was stuffed with promise, gifted in arithmetic. However the hassle he initially had studying English, coupled with a fast mood, saved him from becoming in; he was thrown out of three excessive colleges earlier than graduating.

“My dad was 20 once I was born. My mother was 16. They ran away collectively,” Junior explains. “At the moment, my father had a job his father had gotten him, washing dishes in Ball Hospital in Muncie. He determined he lastly needed to get his act collectively. He graduated from Ball State and utilized for a fellowship to the enterprise college at Harvard, and was accepted.” He moved his household—his spouse, Joyce, two­-year-old John Jr., and year-old Tonya—to Massachusetts. One other son, Michael, was born there. They stayed eight years.

On commencement from Harvard, John Sr. signed on with Putnam Administration, a Boston mutual-fund agency. There, he grew to become a legend; he was shortly promoted to co–fund supervisor, and the fund grew from $600 million to $4 billion in six years. Earlier than his thirtieth birthday, he was a millionaire.

Paul Sr. invested in burgeoning firms like Mattel Toys and Kentucky Fried Rooster. Mattel later gave Paul Sr. a plaque inscribed, ”With out John Paul, Mattel would have by no means made it.” His son, who has saved the plaque, can hardly communicate of it with out tears welling up.

Alternatively, he is capable of look again at the moment and criticize his father’s decisions, lamenting that his dad had an uncanny means to earn a living illegitimately.

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It was the Sixties, the drug tradition was in full bloom, and marijuana use was widespread, accepted. Someday, Junior was requested to take his siblings to a close-by playground. “However I got here again early. My dad had some associates over. They have been all in there smokin’. That was the primary time I might ever seen it. I used to be 9 years previous. Dad sat me down and stated, ‘Your mom would not agree with this, however I do not see the way it’s dangerous.’ “

His father welcomed shops from his pressure-packed life in excessive finance. “As a part of his signing bonus with the agency, my previous man received a brand-new ’64 Corvette. He drove previous an autocross in a mall car parking zone and determined to attempt it. That is how he began racing. Later, he purchased a road Cobra.”

By 1970, Paul Sr. had purchased Sam Posey’s previous Trans-Am Dodge Challenger and began profitable races in Connecticut at Lime Rock, Bridgehampton, and Thompson.

However racing proved to be a two-edged sword for the household. “My mom began up to now one other race-car driver,” John Jr. says, now staring blankly forward. “That was a nasty time. There was quite a lot of yelling and screaming in the home. My dad and mom break up up. My mom moved again to Indiana. I went together with her. I used to be 10. We lived in a home trailer for 3 years. We purchased our groceries with meals stamps.”

Though no angel himself, Paul Sr. was devastated by his spouse’s affair. He stop his job, offered every part he owned, purchased a sailboat, and sailed away. Two years later, on John’s twelfth birthday, a deeply tanned, bearded pirate appeared at their trailer in Muncie. It was his father.

“He got here again to see me,” John Jr. remembers emotionally. “After that, he used to return go to me typically. He’d present up in the midst of the evening.”

John Sr. and Joyce finally determined to attempt once more. The household moved to Dad’s new waterfront dwelling in Florida. The reunion was rocky. The yelling and combating continued. His dad and mom separated 4 occasions, lastly divorcing. Joyce would not dwell with a drug smuggler.

“I needed to be concerned with my dad. I simply needed to be with him.”

John Jr. remembers how the dope smuggling started. His father’s two-year odyssey had led to Florida. He met some folks there who stated: “You’ve gotten this sailboat. Why do not we make some cash with it?’ So he sailed to west Jamaica . . . “

Within the mid-Seventies, drug smuggling in Florida had reached comical proportions. The sky was raining marijuana bales; the seashores have been awash in water­proof plastic bundles. Someday, John Jr. opened the household’s storage and located it piled excessive with bales of marijuana. He confronted his father.

His father, a fervent believer in his proper to smoke marijuana and an advocate for its decriminalization, stated, “Nicely, what do you assume?”

John Jr. remembers, “I did not know what to assume.”

His father recruited him to assist unload. On the time, it occurred to John Jr. this may be harmful and unlawful, to not point out downright dumb, however the alternative to do one thing—something—along with his father was overpowering. “I needed to be concerned with my dad,” he remembers. “I simply needed to be with him.”

So collectively they sailed the East Coast and offshore islands. Over the Christmas holidays in 1976, they drove to Kansas to choose up a Porsche Carrera that his father had bought for racing. It was ” time” for father and son.

These good occasions have been interrupted within the fall of ’77 when John Jr. needed to return to Muncie for his closing 12 months of highschool. He hated it: “I by no means was any good at school. I simply put in my time.” When he graduated, his life was at a crossroads. “Nicely, if I had stayed residing with my mother, most likely nothing would have occurred. I’d have been pumping gasoline, or working in a Goodyear tire retailer, one thing like that.”

Life in Muncie was boring. Nothing to do. Nowhere to go. Trailer parks. Meals stamps. Paul Sr. had been sending Joyce $300 a month, however after the divorce, he lower them off.

John Jr. determined to return to his dad and the nice life. He even started smoking marijuana, identical to his father. He was captivated by his fearless father—needed to know him higher, needed acceptance and approval.

Paul Sr., along with his imperious method and fiery mood, was a powerful position mannequin and male authority determine. His father was additionally a hopeless perfectionist. The individuals who labored for him—John Jr. included—endured fixed verbal abuse.

“I believe he was a lot of a perfectionist himself, and had such excessive expectations, he felt everybody else needs to be the identical method,” says John Jr.

However no less than John Jr. felt like he belonged. He had an essential task, serving to to unload the marijuana boats after which trucking the contraband to protected storage places.

It was harrowing work. After almost being caught in March 1978, father and son have been nabbed in January 1979 as they and an confederate, Chris Schill, have been unloading the final of a 20-ton cargo in a Louisiana bayou. However since they have been caught with solely 1500 kilos (the majority had been dispersed) and had no police information, the three males, in alternate for responsible pleas to marijuana possession with intent to distribute, obtained suspended three-year jail phrases and three years’ probation, and paid six-figure fines and forfeitures.

After this debacle, Paul Sr. determined his son wanted to go to driver’s college. “My previous man did not ship me to learn to be a race driver,” John Jr. remembers. “He despatched me to enhance my driving on the road. I had an accident the primary week I received my license. On the freeway, I used to be a very dangerous driver. It was humorous, as a result of once I went to the Skip Barber college, I went with my father’s girlfriend on the time. My father confirmed up on the final day and requested the teacher, ‘Nicely, how’d they do?’ The teacher stated to him, ‘Nicely, she’s fairly good—however the child, he is hopeless!”‘

Despite that, his father purchased him an previous System Ford. And, thus, Junior’s racing profession started, and shortly blossomed. Money to construct or purchase race automobiles by no means appeared to a be downside, though John Jr. is adamant that JLP Racing by no means spent as a lot cash as folks thought, or as a lot as opponents did. But the Pauls appeared to return out of nowhere to win races and IMSA and SCCA championships.

Simply earlier than the race season received beneath method in January 1981, with a 12 months left on their probation, Paul Sr. and Jr. went with a number of different males to Louisiana to unload their greatest cargo ever, 40 tons of marijuana. Two tractor-trailers loaded and left, however a 3rd truck was reported to police, who arrested its drivers. The boat that was being unloaded was piloted away, however it could not escape as a result of a close-by railroad drawbridge had been lowered, trapping them within the space. Three smugglers onboard jumped off and have been fished out of a cold bayou close by as they tried to swim away. The Pauls and two accomplices have been additionally within the space however eluded police.

Later, Paul Sr. bailed out the 5 jailed males and paid a $500,000 fantastic in money.

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This fiasco was sufficiently scary that Paul Sr. stop smuggling. In six main shipments from 1975 to 1981, Paul Sr. had allegedly smuggled greater than 100 tons of Colombian marijuana into the U.S., with the assistance of his companion, David Cassorla, Stephen Carson, and different accomplices. That a lot marijuana, in keeping with smugglers, was most likely price $40 million. The Drug Enforcement Administration, which frequently broadcasts the highest-possible road worth of seized medication, estimates $225 million.

”They have been apparently shopping for the stuff for 50 cents or a greenback a pound after which turning round and promoting it—relying on the standard—for as much as $1000 a pound, wholesale,” says a DEA supply. “If you see the large revenue potential, you start to know how onerous our job is. We’re coping with some very motivated people.”

John Sr. retired from racing in 1982. He married Hurley Haywood’s sister, Hope, they usually quickly had a daughter, Adrienne. He had stopped smuggling, however he did not get out of the marijuana enterprise. As an alternative, he purchased a 596-acre farm outdoors Atlanta in December 1982 after which spent one thing like $500,000 attempting to assemble a gargantuan underground marijuana-­rising operation, lit by hundreds of “develop lights” and powered by a large generator. Theoretically, it was a sound enterprise resolution since hydroponically grown marijuana will be price roughly twice as a lot as field-grown pot. He hoped to reap three or 4 crops a 12 months.

Early in 1983, Chris Schill was subpoenaed to look earlier than a federal grand jury investigating drug smuggling. He merely disappeared. 5 Florida males linked to Cassorla have been indicted; extra indictments have been anticipated. Stephen Carson determined to cooperate with a grand jury in return for immunity.

Enraged, Paul Sr. caught up with Carson late one evening on a pier in Saint Augustine, Florida, and shot him 5 occasions with a .38-caliber pistol. Someway, Carson survived. Then, after allegedly attempting to purchase silence from two different federal witnesses, Paul Sr. dropped out of sight for weeks. He later surrendered to Florida authorities, who charged him with tried homicide.

When the story broke in April 1983, Paul Sr. grew to become the butt of jokes—principally about his poor marksmanship. For years, rumors amongst fellow racers had abounded about Paul’s smuggling, but nobody had been keen to go on report. The “simpatico” racing press had appeared to exit of its option to keep away from the story. Now, it was open season. Senior jumped bond in late 1983, and disappeared for greater than two years.

Junior, in the meantime, had an agonizing resolution to make: flee along with his father, or keep and attempt to make a life on his personal in racing. His father made it straightforward for him to run, offering him with a pretend id and matching passport.

“That is the place we see issues in a different way,” John Jr. says at the moment. “Even with a visitors ticket, I cease and pull over. I do not run. I simply take what’s coming. I assume that is my mom’s affect.” Junior thinks his father’s flight from prosecution was a silly transfer. “It did not look like the best way I needed to dwell the remainder of my life. I used to be residing on borrowed time. It wasn’t enjoyable. However there was nothing I may do about it. I simply needed to dwell day-to-day and settle for what occurred, when it occurred.”

John Paul Jr. was really on his personal. To outlive, he picked up rides on a race-by-­race foundation. He snagged a top-flight Indy­Automotive experience for 1985, however he was indicted three days after signing and needed to resign. He was changed by Al Unser Jr., who went on to complete second by one level to his dad, Al Sr., for the IndyCar championship. Now, there is a distinction in father-and-son dynamics.

John Jr. nonetheless had an opportunity to rescue his profession and keep away from jail time. Probably the most damning items of proof in opposition to him: a false passport, which he had used as soon as to go to Canada to assist his father’s spouse, Hope, sneak again into the U.S. and twice to go to his fugitive father within the Bahamas, and the Louisiana parole violations in 1981. “If I had testified, or instructed them I’d have testified in opposition to my dad, I most likely may have gotten out of it,” he says. “However I by no means even let the attorneys pursue it. They have been gonna discover me responsible of one thing. There was little doubt. Or there would have been a probation factor.”

Junior professes no regrets about not testifying. “He was my dad,” he says.

So John Paul Jr., internationally famend racing driver, pleaded responsible to racketeering and passport fraud and was sentenced to 5 years; he would serve nearly three. Simply as John Jr. set off to start serving his sentence in a minimal­safety jail in Alabama, his father was being extradited from Switzerland, the place he had been caught. Paul Sr. confronted life imprisonment with out parole for heading a “persevering with legal enterprise” and committing 12 different felonies.

In plea bargaining, his lawyer, Ed Garland, received the costs decreased to a “catchall” racketeering cost, plus passport and IRS fraud, in alternate for a responsible plea. Carson, in the meantime, received a $50,000 civil judgment in opposition to Paul after which disappeared into the federal witness­-protection program.

Two accomplices additionally went to jail. Chris Schill evaded seize till 1988, and received 10 years. He complained that he did not more than John Jr. had. Three others who had been indicted, together with Paul’s companion, Cassorla, have by no means been captured, and the case stays open.

Because the jail doorways slammed shut on the Pauls, different prime drivers in IMSA have been additionally in hassle with the regulation. A number of went to jail for drug-related offenses. The game received a black eye, from which it arguably by no means recovered.

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“I damage the game quite a bit,” John Jr. acknowledges. “I hate what I’ve performed. It is onerous to dwell with it. However I’ve made a degree of attempting to be as sincere about it as I probably may. I did not see there was every other method to have the ability to drive once more. I needed to be accountable—whether or not it damage me so far as discovering rides or not.”

In hindsight, what may he have performed in a different way?

“I may have instructed my dad no.”

No flak or trouble for you?

“No.”

So, you went in figuring out full nicely the results of your actions?

“Nicely, you already know you could possibly go to jail, however it did not look like a actuality.”

Form of the best way racers take into consideration the potential of crashing?

“It is like considering your own home won’t ever be robbed.”

What was your rationale for persevering with as you bought older, particularly whenever you weren’t making any cash at it?

“It was being with my dad.”

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