History of Toyota Camry

Toyota

The Toyota Camry has outsold each different sedan in america for 18 years in a row. It is confirmed as addictive as any common Netflix collection, and other people proceed to binge on this dependable performer yr after yr. The Camry developed extensively over its many many years of gross sales. From its arrival in 1983 till at the moment, we have seen each iteration of a Camry wanting a stretch limo. The second-generation Camry added a wagon. In 1994, a coupe mannequin was launched to extend its sporty enchantment. In 1999, the Camry dropped its roof and let unfastened with the convertible Camry Solara. In the present day you will discover the Camry title competing in NASCAR, or roaming the streets adorned with TRD badges and packing 301 horsepower. Here is a better have a look at how this all too acquainted automobile modified all through its inconspicuous existence:

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1983–1986: First Technology (V10)

Launched late within the 1983 mannequin yr, the Camry served as a substitute for the Corona. That compact sedan, together with its smaller sibling, the Corolla, had helped Toyota turn into the top-selling import model in america within the mid-Nineteen Seventies. Toyota used a brand new title, Camry—derived from the Japanese phrase kanmuri, which means “crown”—to distinguish this new front-wheel-drive four-door sedan from the rear-wheel-drive mannequin it changed. The corporate thought-about its latest creation its first true entry into the compact-car phase, positioning the Camry in opposition to autos such because the Chevrolet Quotation, Ford Tempo, Chrysler’s Ok-cars, and, in fact, the Honda Accord. That final mannequin would go on to turn into the Camry’s closest rival.

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Genesis of a Greatest-Vendor

Out there in each sedan and liftback physique kinds, the first-generation Toyota Camry measured 175.6 inches lengthy (for some perspective, that’s 16.5 inches shorter than at the moment’s Camry). It was initially supplied with a 2.0-liter fuel-injected single-overhead-cam inline-four engine producing 92 horsepower, mated to both a five-speed guide or a four-speed computerized transmission. A turbo-diesel was added later within the mannequin’s run, however was solely a small share of complete gross sales. Extra spacious than the Corona, the Camry shortly gained a maintain within the U.S. market, successful over consumers with its comfy experience and trouble-free reliability. Automobile and Driver was impressed with the automobile however hardly thrilled. In our 1983 street check, we known as the Camry “a pleasant, well-behaved four-wheeled valet that can get you the place you’re going with no muss, no fuss, and no hassle.”

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1987–1991: Second Technology (V20)

4 quick years after the primary Camry was launched, Toyota launched a second-generation mannequin for 1987. The brand new mannequin boasted extra inside house and extra selection within the lineup. Though its wheelbase was the identical because the first-generation Camry’s, the brand new automobile was longer and wider and had a bigger trunk. Its extra rounded strains additionally made for higher aerodynamics, though the rectilinear three-box-sedan profile remained. A new wagon spinoff used the identical 16-valve 2.0-liter four-cylinder because the sedan; its new engine supplied 20 extra horsepower than earlier than, for a complete of 112 hp.

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Born in the united statesA.

In 1988, Toyota opened a brand new manufacturing facility in Georgetown, Kentucky, to construct Camrys for the North American market. Powertrain choices additionally expanded that yr. New four-cylinder fashions had been supplied with an all-wheel-drive possibility known as All-Trac, which used a middle differential to fluctuate torque between the entrance and rear axles. A 2.5-liter V-6 engine joined the order sheet, serving up 153 horsepower and 155 lb-ft of torque in each the sedan and wagon; it might be paired with both a guide or computerized transmission. Gross sales continued to rise, cresting the 200,000-per-year mark in america for the primary time in 1988.

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1992–1996: Third Technology (XV10)

The third-generation Camry that launched for 1992 marked a turning level within the automobile’s historical past. For the primary time, the American Camry was differentiated from international markets’ variations and used a brand new wide-body configuration that elevated it from the compact class to the mid-size class. About six inches longer and two inches wider than earlier than, it supplied extra inside house to go together with its extra trendy, curved physique strains. The sedan and wagon variants supplied two new, extra highly effective engines: a 2.2-liter four-cylinder and a 3.0-liter V-6. We had been massively impressed with the refinement, high quality, and worth of the brand new Camry and named it to our 10Best Vehicles checklist in 1992 and 1993, calling it “a benchmark within the constructing of a mainstream sedan.”

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Loopy Coupe

In 1994, Toyota launched a two-door Camry coupe. With the identical general dimensions because the sedan (aside from its 0.2-inch-shorter top), it used the identical four-cylinder and V-6 engines and was supposed as a sportier selection, particularly within the racier SE V-6 trim stage that was additionally supplied for the sedan. The Camry additionally acquired a lighter aluminum-block V-6 with 188 horsepower and improved gas economic system.

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1997–2001: Fourth Technology (XV20)

The fourth-generation Camry grew to become much more U.S.-centric as Toyota’s Ann Arbor, Michigan, engineering facility was answerable for half of the automobile’s growth. The automaker’s Japan residence base picked up the opposite half of the engineering load. Bigger than earlier than, with a two-inch wheelbase stretch, this Camry was nonetheless barely lighter and cheaper than its predecessor. The 2 engines, a 2.2-liter inline-four and a 3.0-liter V-6, carried over however with a bit extra energy for totals of 133 and 194 horsepower. We awarded the Camry V-6 one other 10Best Vehicles award for 1997, and in that yr the Camry for the primary time grew to become the best-selling automobile in america. It might maintain this honor for a few years to return.

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Solara Flares

Reflecting traits within the mid-size phase, the wagon model was dropped for the U.S. market, and the coupe took a hiatus for 1997 and 1998 till the Camry Solara two-door picked up the place it left off for the 1999 mannequin yr. With its new title and extra clearly differentiated styling, the brand new coupe appeared much less staid however in any other case shared its mechanicals with the Camry sedan. For 2000, the Solara gained a topless variant. The four-seat convertible set its sights on the favored droptop model of the Chrysler Sebring.

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2002–2006: Fifth Technology (XV30)

The Camry as soon as once more hit a progress spurt, coinciding with a redesign within the early 2000s. The fifth-generation mannequin had an extended wheelbase and was taller than earlier than, with a raised seating place for the driving force and entrance passenger and extra legroom for these sitting within the again seats. To go together with the scale uptick, the Camry gained an even bigger base engine, a 157-hp 2.4-liter four-cylinder. The three.0-liter V-6 caught round, though this technology misplaced the mix of a V-6 and a guide transmission. A minimum of the sporty-ish SE trim stage returned to the lineup, having been deserted for the previous-gen Camry, and for the primary time the Toyota was supplied with an in-dash navigation system.

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Swoop, There It Is

The Camry Solara coupe and convertible had been redesigned for 2004, following the sedan’s fifth-generation overhaul by a couple of years. The 2-doors’ swoopy new styling was distinctive at greatest and overwrought at worst, however nobody might accuse the pair of wanting something just like the sedan. The identical yr, Toyota prolonged the Solara’s extra highly effective 3.3-liter V-6 engine choice to the Camry SE sedan.

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2007–2011: Sixth Technology (XV40)

By the tip of the noughts, redesigns of the Camry had grew to become a predictable affair. Every one was greater, extra highly effective, and higher outfitted than earlier than, and the sixth-generation automobile was no completely different. When the brand new Camry arrived in 2007, Toyota promptly offered extra examples within the ’07 calendar yr than any Camry earlier than, sending 473,108 items to new houses. The bottom 158-hp 2.4-liter four-cylinder was largely carryover, however the 3.3-liter V-6 was dropped in favor of an all-new 3.5-liter engine with a whopping 268 horsepower that endowed the Camry with severe pace. We pit one Camry so outfitted in opposition to a turbocharged all-wheel-drive Subaru WRX in our “Shock Pace” match, and the unassuming Toyota simply saved up, sprinting from zero-to-60 mph in 5.8 seconds and working the quarter-mile in a scant 14.3 seconds at 99 mph.

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Perhaps It Is Simple Being Inexperienced

A Camry hybrid utilizing Toyota’s confirmed Hybrid Synergy Drive system joined the vary for the primary time. It promised 40 mpg metropolis on the time (up to date EPA testing procedures have since revised that estimate downward to 33 mpg metropolis) together with 187 mixed horsepower, the latter quantity about on par with the bottom four-cylinder-engine. The Camry Solara coupe and convertible had been discontinued for 2009, leaving the Honda Accord coupe as one of many few mid-size, front-wheel-drive two-doors in the marketplace.

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2012–2017: Seventh Technology (XV50)

A brand new Camry arrived in 2012 with out a lot fanfare. The styling was new however unexciting, and the powertrains had been largely carryover, aside from the hybrid drivetrain, which acquired updates and improved effectivity numbers. The seventh-generation Camry was the primary to not provide a guide transmission; your complete lineup got here normal with an computerized transmission. The inside was a contact extra spacious and was one of many first Toyotas to supply the model’s new Entune infotainment system with smartphone connectivity capabilities. Gross sales had been robust, however a milquetoast response from critics—we positioned the Camry fifth out of six mid-size sedans in a 2012 comparability check—prompted Toyota to take motion.

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Fast Repair

An emergency refresh was utilized to the Camry for the 2015 mannequin yr. Toyota emphasizes that it was rather more vital than a typical mid-cycle replace, because the roof was the one exterior element left unchanged. The brand new styling was a bit extra daring and the inside was improved, however its predecessor’s growing old engines once more carried over, and efficiency did not transform. Given the recognition of the SE trim stage, Toyota determined to boost the sportiness issue much more, including an XSE mannequin that, no less than visually, amped issues up a bit additional.

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2018–Current: Eighth Technology (XV70)

Expectations for the eighth technology of the Camry ran excessive when it made its debut on the 2017 Detroit auto present sporting engaging new sheetmetal. The brand new automobile transitioned to an all-new platform for the primary time in a few years, Toyota’s TNGA element set. The renaissance was completely timed, because the Camry confronted stiff competitors from the also-new Honda Accord. Consider it or not, the longtime rivals had by no means been redesigned for a similar mannequin yr earlier than, and 2018 was the primary occasion by which the 2 sedans had been all new on the identical time. Though we had been extremely glad with the brand new Camry’s sharper driving dynamics and its stronger four-cylinder, V-6, and hybrid powertrains, it didn’t unseat the Accord from its crushing 10Best Vehicles successful streak.

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Toyota Camry Intensified

For 2020 a Camry TRD sporty mannequin was added with firmer suspension, racer-boy seems to be, however no energy enhancements from the 301-hp 3.5-liter V-6 already accessible in XSE and XLE trims. The spoilers and added aero aren’t simply there for seems to be, because the EPA-estimated mixed mileage is down 1 mpg from different V-6 Camrys. Camry TRD pricing begins at $31,995, making it the most affordable technique to get the Camry with a V-6 by $3960.

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Camry Milestone: 10 Million Constructed

In July 2021, after almost 4 many years of Camry manufacturing, Toyota introduced that the ten millionth Camry rolled off the road on the automaker’s plant in Kentucky. The symbolic automobile itself is not precisely probably the most thrilling Camry accessible—it is a 2021 Camry SE completed in a shade of white that appears like it will be higher fitted to a fridge—nevertheless it’s a becoming illustration of the favored best-seller’s ethos.