Clear Air Zones: Oxford ZEZ pilot goes dwell


Oxford’s Zero Emission Zone has begun its pilot part, the town council has introduced.

The ‘ZEZ Pilot’ covers a comparatively small variety of streets inside Oxford metropolis centre at launch, however will develop to cowl many of the metropolis ought to the trial run be deemed successful.

Within the ZEZ pilot zone, drivers of inner combustion engined automobiles coming into between 7am and 7pm, 12 months a yr, can be required to pay a charge. The cost can be £2 per day for hybrids emitting lower than 75g/km CO2, £4 for Euro 4 petrol and Euro 6 diesel automobiles, and £10 for pre-Euro 4 petrol and pre-Euro 6 diesel automobiles. Totally electrical automobiles are exempt from costs.

The costs may rise if the scheme is completely applied, nonetheless, to £4 for hybrids emitting lower than 75g/km CO2, £8 for Euro 4 petrol and Euro 6 diesel automobiles, and £20 for pre-Euro 4 petrol and pre-Euro 6 diesel automobiles. There won’t be any cost for zero emission automobiles, equivalent to electrical automobiles.

Exemptions can be accessible for well being and care employees, college students with monetary hardship who have to enter the zone and Blue Badge holders, whereas residents and companies throughout the zone will be capable to apply for a 90 per cent low cost. There may even be a 50 per cent low cost for personal rent automobiles.

Birmingham Clear Air Zone 

Birmingham’s Clear Air Zone went dwell in June 2021, primarily based on an identical mannequin to the London ULEZ (Extremely-Low Emission Zone).

Anybody driving a pre-Euro 4 petrol or pre-Euro 6 diesel automobile throughout the limits of the A4540 Middleway Ring Highway within the UK’s second-largest metropolis can be charged a day by day charge of £8.

Just like the London ULEZ, the charge is payable on-line, it’s enforced by ANPR (computerized quantity plate recognition cameras), and operates 24 hours per day, 12 months per yr.

Vans and buses that transport college kids or present group companies are exempt, as are automobiles in a incapacity tax class. Non-compliant HGVs should pay a charge of £50.

Bathtub Clear Air Zone 

Bathtub’s Clear Air Zone went dwell on 15 March 2021. Personal automobiles are exempt, however non-compliant taxis and vans are charged £9 per day, whereas polluting buses and lorries pay £100.

Bathtub and North East Somerset Council affords monetary help to eligible companies that need assist upgrading their car fleets in an effort to be compliant.

Bristol diesel ban scrapped

Bristol has cancelled plans to ban diesel automobiles from a small space of its metropolis centre and implement a Clear Air Zone.

Town’s mayor introduced that the council is as an alternative hoping to attract up new clear air plans for the realm that do not contain charging people or companies.

The deserted plans would have seen Bristol develop into the primary UK metropolis to implement any type of outright ban on diesel automobiles, had the scheme been applied in 2021 as initially supposed. All diesel automobiles would have been banned from a small space of the town centre between 7am and 3pm.

Plans for a Clear Air Zone over a wider space of the town have additionally been scrapped. This is able to solely have affected diesel-powered lorries, vans, buses and taxis, which might have been made to pay a charge. Taxis and vans would have been charged £9 per day, whereas HGV operators would needed to have paid £100.

Leeds delays Clear Air Zone plans indefinitely

Plans to implement a Clear Air Zone in Leeds have been suspended for the foreseeable future on account of coronavirus.

The scheme – which was meant to be applied earlier this yr however has confronted quite a few delays – has been torpedoed by expectations that air high quality enhancements which have occurred in the course of the coronavirus pandemic may end result within the Authorities withdrawing funding for brand new Clear Air Zones.

Leeds Metropolis Council now says it hopes to assessment the standing of the scheme within the Autumn. A digicam community costing £6 million has already been put in within the metropolis to implement the zone.

The Clear Air Zone wasn’t set to have an effect on privately owned automobiles, as an alternative making use of solely to HGVs, buses, coaches and taxis classed as having excessive emissions. Non-compliant automobiles can be topic to a day by day cost of between £12.50 and £50 relying on class.

Different Clear Air Zones

The complete checklist of deliberate Clear Air Zones could be discovered right here:


Aberdeen Metropolis Council is taking a look at choices for a Low Emission Zone to be applied within the metropolis centre later this yr.

Automobiles that don’t meet the required standards can be banned from coming into the town centre altogether. The proposed minimal requirements are Euro 6 for diesel automobiles, Euro 4 for petrol automobiles and Euro VI (roughly pre-2013) for heavy diesel-engined automobiles, equivalent to HGVs and buses.


Having backpedalled on plans to introduce a Clear Air Zone that may have affected non-public automobiles, Bathtub and North East Somerset has applied a scheme that solely impacts business automobiles.

It will see high-polluting buses, coaches and HGVs coming into Bathtub metropolis centre charged £100 a day, whereas non-Euro 6 diesel or non-Euro 4 petrol taxis, minibuses and vans should pay £9 a day.


Birmingham’s Clear Air Zone is coming into pressure on 1 June 2021, with drivers of automobiles not assembly Euro 4 petrol or Euro 6 diesel emissions requirements being charged to enter the realm inside the A4540 Middleway Ring Highway. The zone can be lively 24 hours a day, seven days per week.


Brighton and Hove County Council has commissioned a report to take a look at the potential of banning automobiles from its metropolis centre by 2023. The report is because of be revealed in March and can take the wants of the disabled, in addition to taxi drivers and merchants, into consideration.


Cambridge Metropolis Council claims there are 106 deaths in Cambridge and South Cambridgeshire yearly associated to poor air high quality. The council is devising plans for a Clear Air Zone, however has revealed no particular particulars but.


Cardiff was planning to implement a Clear Air Zone in its metropolis centre, however the plans have been rejected amid claims the scheme would merely penalise homeowners of older automobiles. As an alternative, the council set out numerous measures to deal with NOx, equivalent to becoming AdBlue programs to buses.

• London ULEZ defined


Derby Metropolis Council’s most popular choice for coping with air air pollution within the metropolis is a brand new site visitors administration system. Nonetheless, the council nonetheless has two units of plans on the desk for potential Clear Air Zones.

The primary would use the town’s interior ring highway as its boundary and would cost non-Euro 4 petrol and non-Euro 6 diesel automobiles and vans – in addition to high-polluting HGVs, buses and coaches – for coming into the town centre.

The second scheme would cowl a a lot bigger space – proper out to Derby’s outer ring highway. The council has admitted although that the costs would have an effect on “many individuals who couldn’t afford to buy a brand new car or could also be unable to alter their journey decisions”.


Dundee Metropolis Council is consulting on plans to implement a Low Emission Zone throughout the boundary of the town’s interior ring highway.

Petrol automobiles registered earlier than 2006 and diesel automobiles registered earlier than 31 August 2015, in addition to older HGVs and LGVs, can be banned from the zone.


Edinburgh remains to be consulting on its Low Emission Zone, with the council nonetheless deciding whether or not to have restrictions that apply to simply the town centre for all automobiles or to the entire metropolis however just for business automobiles.


Glasgow’s Low Emission Zone got here into impact on 31 December 2018, initially solely making use of to native buses.

The scheme remains to be being phased in, although. On 31 December 2022, all automobiles coming into the town centre zone can be required to satisfy the related requirements – Euro 4 for petrol automobiles, and Euro 6 for diesel automobiles and any automobiles with heavy diesel engines.


Kent County Council’s opposition chief has indicated that car tolling or outright automobile bans might be applied in cities throughout Kent sooner or later. No particular plans have but been revealed.


The Clear Air Zone in Leeds was on account of launch on 6 January 2020, however has been delayed indefinitely on account of considerations over funding on account of the coronavirus. Leeds Metropolis Council has been finishing up a assessment of the forthcoming scheme and says a call is imminent.


London’s Extremely-Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) was the primary Clear Air Zone of its type within the UK when it was launched in 2019. It’s in pressure 24 hours a day, seven days per week and at the moment covers central London’s Congestion Cost zone, though it is going to be expanded on 26 October 2021 to cowl all the metropolis contained in the North and South Round Roads.

London traffic

Pre-Euro 6 diesel automobiles constructed earlier than round 2016 and pre-Euro 4 petrol automobiles constructed earlier than 2006 are affected, having to pay £11.50 on prime of the £12.50 day by day Congestion Cost. Vehicles constructed earlier than 1979 are exempt, although.

Non-Euro 3 bikes additionally should pay, whereas non-Euro VI HGVs, buses and coaches are charged £100 a day.


Manchester’s proposed Clear Air Zone will begin being phased on this yr, however it’s one other scheme that wouldn’t have an effect on non-public automobiles – simply buses, coaches, HGVs, vans and taxis which might be deemed to be high-polluting.


Following months of consultations, native authorities in Newcastle selected a Clear Air Zone to implement. It’s set to return into pressure this yr and received’t have an effect on non-public automobiles in the meanwhile.

Mercedes Highway Pilot lorry - front tracking 2


The primary stage of Oxford’s zero emission zone goes dwell in a small space of the town centre from August 2021, earlier than increasing to cowl many of the metropolis in 2022. All inner combustion engined automobiles will face costs of as much as £10 a day – relying on CO2 emissions – rising to as a lot as £20 in 2025.


Portsmouth had plans for a Clear Air Zone overlaying the entire of Portsea Island, however scaled the scheme again to simply the western aspect, excluding the town’s worldwide port.


Studying is one other metropolis that has indicated it may implement a Clear Air Zone sooner or later, however has not launched any precise particulars.


Sheffield Metropolis Council has beforehand mentioned plans to introduce a Clear Air Zone inside its interior ring highway and metropolis centre. The proposed scheme wouldn’t have an effect on non-public automobiles – solely HGVs, buses, vans and taxis that fail to satisfy emissions requirements. Non-compliant vans and taxis can be charged £10 a day, whereas HGV and bus operators can be charged £50.


Slough’s plans for a possible Clear Air Zone are nonetheless being labored up, with particular particulars as but unknown.


York desires buses that enter its metropolis centre 5 or extra instances a day to satisfy ULEB (Extremely-Low Emission Bus) requirements, which means they should be Euro 6 diesel, gas-powered or electrical. Metropolis of York Council has additionally stated it need to finish “non-essential” journey by non-public automobiles throughout the metropolis.

What are your ideas on Bristol’s ‘Clear Air Plan?’ Tell us within the feedback part beneath…

Patrick Moore

Patrick is our chief editor and he's very passionate about cars. He has a bachelor's degree in marketing and he studies journalism. His favorite brand is BMW and he drives an X5 series. When he's not writing for, he enjoys spending time with his family and 9 years old son.

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