UK petrol and diesel costs: oil worth softens however gas hits £2 per litre

High fuel prices. £2 per litre

Mike Rutherford

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has despatched a shock via the worldwide oil market meaning UK motorists at the moment are being pressured to pay a median of £1.65 a litre for unleaded. With higher stress on diesel costs, UK drivers should pay much more, and newest RAC figures report a median value of £1.76 a litre.

Nonetheless many motorists are already paying considerably greater prices per litre than these averages, with stories of diesel reaching a staggering £2.07 a litre, and premium grade petrol costs additionally breaking the £2 a litre barrier on sure forecourts.

In accordance with the RAC, the brand new file costs imply the common household automotive prices £91 to replenish with petrol, or £97 with diesel. 

There’s some reduction in that the fast disaster in world oil markets appears to have eased, with oil presently buying and selling round $100 a barrel, down significantly from the $137 it reached early final week. Which means, regardless of latest conflicting stories as as to if the OPEC group of oil producing nations are ready to extend manufacturing to cowl any future shortfalls, drivers ought to count on to see some reductions in gas costs quickly.

RAC gas spokesman Simon Williams stated: “We proceed to stay hopeful that retailers will quickly begin to move on latest reductions within the worth of wholesale gas to drivers once they subsequent purchase provide. That should result in petrol stabilising at round 160p whereas diesel ought to remain the place it’s primarily based on present wholesale costs.

“The large query is how eager will retailers be to move on these financial savings on the pumps as they are going to little question be extraordinarily aware of defending themselves from any extra rises that would all of the sudden materialise. Drivers badly want a break from these relentless each day rises. With the Spring Assertion only a week away drivers will probably be trying to the Chancellor to finish their distress by slicing obligation or VAT. One factor’s for certain,merely reiterating that gas obligation has been frozen at 58p a litre merely isn’t going to chop it.”

The present worth drop on the world market is alleged to replicate the marginally extra constructive tone of stories of negotiations between Ukraine and Russia, and hypothesis {that a} new Covid lockdown in areas of China will cut back international demand.

Nonetheless, specialists informed an MPs choose committee on 14 March that additional rises have been seemingly in the price of a barrel of oil, as nations scrabble to exchange provides from Russia. 

Nathan Piper, oil professional at monetary companies agency Investec informed MPs: “If extra stringent actions are imposed upon Russia, and 5 million barrels a day is really taken out of the market, then oil costs would actually don’t have any ceiling.”

PM Boris Johnson has travelled to the Center East on a mission as we speak (16 March) in an effort to get nations like Saudi Arabia to open the faucets wider. 

Why are diesel and petrol so costly?

Russia is without doubt one of the world’s largest producers of oil and gasoline, so any disruptions to its manufacturing processes has a world influence.

With Russia having launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine and dealing with worldwide sanctions, there’s potential for vital disruption to provides. Russia produces 4.5 million barrels of oil every day, and solely Saudi Arabia produces extra. 

The sanctions levied towards Russia up to now have focused banks and oligarchs reasonably than the nation’s vitality sector, however elements resembling Germany’s postponement of the Nord Stream 2 gasoline pipeline will impact the vitality market general. Russia additionally has the power to cut back oil exports to Europe in a tit-for-tat response to financial sanctions, and specialists counsel Saudi Arabian oil fields might wrestle to extend manufacturing sufficiently to counter such measures.

“Opec, the oil producers’ cartel, is already struggling to fulfill its output targets as demand for crude rebounds following the easing of lockdown restrictions. This has pushed up costs, with analysts warning there may be restricted capability to extend provides if flows from Russia are affected by sanctions,” the Monetary Occasions newspaper has reported.

fuel pump

What makes up the worth of UK gas?

The worth of gas may be divided into three sections; the taxes imposed by the Authorities, the prices of drilling, refining and transporting, and the revenue margins for the gas firms.

For petrol, diesel and bioethanols, the Authorities will get round 65 per cent of the general value via gas obligation and worth added tax (VAT). The gas obligation represents the mounted worth of gas – it stays the identical regardless how a lot general oil costs fluctuate. At the moment, the Treasury provides 57.95 pence to every litre of gas via gas obligation, and one other 20 per cent via VAT. How a lot you pay in VAT depends upon how a lot gas you buy.

The second greatest chunk comes from the wholesale prices of the gas itself. The wholesale value is a mix of forex alternate charges, international oil costs, and even home provide and demand.

When will gas costs go down?

Consultants predict excessive gas prices will probably be with us for the foreseeable future, and it’s not simply all the way down to the disaster in Ukraine – vitality prices have been excessive for the most effective a part of a 12 months already as demand surged because the world emerged from lockdown.

A part of the issue is all the way down to the truth that comparatively low barrel costs in recent times have put plans to drill for brand new reserves on maintain. That’s true in Africa, the US and South America, and whereas the present excessive costs could improve curiosity in exploring new reserves, it might probably take years for brand new wells to come back on stream in volumes required to have an effect on the market.

Why is grocery store gas cheaper than an impartial forecourt?

Grocery store forecourts normally supply the most cost effective gas costs and that is due to the market energy supermarkets maintain. Firms like Asda, Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Morrisons are all in competitors with each other, so that they preserve gas costs as little as doable hoping that when motorists come to fill their tank, they could do their weekly grocery buying, too. 

There are persistent rumours that grocery store gas accommodates fewer components and is of lesser high quality than gas from conventional forecourts, however there’s little exhausting proof of this. All gas bought within the UK has to abide by the requirements set within the Motor Gas Regulation. 

petrol prices

Why is gas so costly on motorways?

Motorway gas stations argue the explanation their costs are greater is that a lot of them are open 24 hours a day and supply extra companies than a daily forecourt. Motorway gas stations additionally pay excessive lease costs for the buildings they function.

In additional distant areas, gas is usually dearer due to the upper transport and provide prices, however in accordance with RAC gas spokesman Simon Williams, this doesn’t apply to motorway stations: “We will see no motive why motorway gas ought to be a lot dearer. The truth is, arguably it’s a lot simpler from a supply perspective than it’s getting gas to city filling stations.”

Why is diesel dearer than petrol?

Though diesel and petrol are taxed the identical by the Treasury, traditionally diesel has been dearer than petrol, as home refineries have struggled to fulfill demand. This has pressured the UK to import diesel from different nations at a higher price than petrol. As well as, diesel costs are pushed up by the price of the components that go into the gas.

Moreover, the hole between UK petrol and diesel costs widens through the winter. The tip of the US “driving season” means retailers have a surplus of petrol they will’t export, so that they promote it right here at a lower cost. Diesel demand, in the meantime, will increase throughout continental Europe, the place the gas is often utilized in heating oil.

Just lately, the inflow of low cost diesel from nations like Saudi Arabia has turned the tide, swinging diesel wholesale costs nearer to that of petrol, and bringing the pump worth down with it. Nonetheless the truth that we get a better share of diesel from Russia than petrol means the benefit has swung the opposite means once more.

What’s your view on gas costs within the UK? Will we pay an excessive amount of for our petrol and diesel? What would you do about it? Be part of the controversy in our feedback part beneath…

Patrick Moore

Patrick is our chief editor and he's very passionate about cars. He has a bachelor's degree in marketing and he studies journalism. His favorite brand is BMW and he drives an X5 series. When he's not writing for, he enjoys spending time with his family and 9 years old son.

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